Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Bachelor of Arts (BA) is a 3-year undergraduate degree offered in India, the minimum eligibility for admission to which is passing in Intermediate or 10+2 level from a recognized board or university. The course is generally offered in Liberal Arts Humanities.

The admission process for Bachelor of Arts (BA), ideally, starts after the results of 10+2 examinations are declared. After the results are declared, universities offering BA course invite application from eligible candidates. Soon after the application process, universities release cut off lists of selected candidates for admission.

Bachelor of Arts (BA) course requires a student to learn minimum 5 different subjects and select a combination of subjects suitable to their needs and interests. With options ranging from Psychology to French, a student can easily model his/her Bachelor of Arts course as per their future aspirations. Apart from two distinct languages, students opting for a Bachelor of Arts degree learn basics of Anthropology, History, Literature, Psychology, Political Science, Philosophy etc. These subjects combined together give students a clear understanding of how civilizations work and help in developing sought-after skills like critical thinking, communication and problem-solving.

The undergraduate degree is offered at a range of public and private colleges in India where some colleges also offer the option of selecting a subject to major in. The average fee charged for Bachelor of Arts in India varies from INR 10,000 to 25,000. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are Banks, Indian Administrative Services, Secretariat, Indian Postal Department, Indian Railways, Army and Navy and others such. The average annual salary offered to such professionals ranges between INR 1.5 lacs to 2.5 lacs.

Bachelor of Arts (BA): Course Highlights

Mentioned below are the major highlights of BA course.

Course Level Undergraduate
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester system
Eligibility 10+2 from a recognized educational board

Bachelor of Arts (BA): What is it About?

Bachelor of Arts (BA) is an undergraduate course of 3 years duration which can be pursued as both full-time and part-time. It is composed of many expressive disciplines and offers various subject combinations to candidates to choose from apart from 1-2 compulsory subjects. These subjects include Liberal Arts, Science or both and their combinations may vary from institute to institute.

Candidates pursuing BA course have the option of choosing major and minor in English, French or any other linguistic course, Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, History, Religious Studies and more subject areas. Most of the institutes offer a change in elective subjects in the 2nd year depending upon one’s performance of choice.

This bachelor degree is a flexible one allowing candidates to adapt to the changing demands of the employment market and meet their career demands. It enhances the candidates’ communication, research, and analytical skills. Ability to analyze tasks, set priorities and communicate goals to others are some such skills which can be honed for those pursuing the course.

Bachelor of Arts (BA): Eligibility

Interested aspirants for the undergraduate degree must fulfill the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.

  • Completion of 10+2 or High School Senior Secondary exam by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or any equivalent exam conducted by any State Board or equivalent
  • A minimum score of 50% aggregate at 10+2 level
  • English as a subject at HSC
  • All SC/ST candidates have a relaxation of 5% in the minimum aggregate

Bachelor of Arts (BA): Admission Process

Admission to BA course is completely merit-based. The admission process for the same commences after results for 10+2 are declared. Soon after the declaration of results, universities offering the course release a cut off list for the candidates seeking admission into the course. Certain colleges and universities also intake students with exceptional performance in extra-curricular activities under the ECA and Sports Quota. Usually 5% seats are reserved under the ECA and Sports quota.

Students applying under the Sports and ECA quota have to go through a 2-step selection process. First, you have to fill an application form wherein you need to mark clearly that you are applying under the ECA and Sports quota. After the application forms are evaluated, such students are called for field and ECA trials. Students are offered admission based on their performance in the field and ECA trials and their prior performance in state and national level competitions. Weightage given to field trials and early performance is given below:



Prior performance


Field/ECA trials


Bachelor of Arts (BA): Syllabus and Course Description

Bachelor of Arts allows a student to study a combination of 5 subjects. These subjects are generally related to Humanities and Social Sciences. Out of these 5 subjects, 2 are language papers. Students have to select their subjects from a wide array of subjects on offer. In the second year, students are supposed to select the subject of their major. Students have the option to select Bachelor of Arts with a major or Bachelor of Arts general/Pass.

The syllabus for the bachelor degree is different in some aspects for different universities. However, universities do offer similar modules of study for similar subjects. Below is a chart with a consolidated syllabus for Bachelor of Arts (BA).

Area of Study




English prose, English poetry, Essay writing, Letter writing, English idioms and phrases, English Grammar

This course focuses on various aspects of English language and literature.


Rise and growth of British Empire in India, Rising of 1857, Social and Religious Reform Movements, Indian National Congress, National Independence Movement, Muslim League

This course is perfect for students with an interest in history. It delves in the various aspects of National Freedom struggle in India.


Nature and Scope of Sociology, Basic Concepts of Sociology, Social Groups, Social Processes, Religion, Social Stratification, Social Control, Social Change

This course introduces the basics of Social behavior, its origin, organization, networks and institution.

Public Administration

Indian Administration – Institutional Framework of Indian Administration, Central Government, Executive Agencies, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Advisory Committees, Administration of Public Undertakings, Central Public Services; State Secretariat, Board of Revenue, Regional Administration, District Administration, State Public Services, Administrative Reforms

This course focuses on the various aspects of Public Administration in India and is ideal for students vying a career in Public Administration.


Algebra, Calculus, Financial Mathematics, Analytical Geometry and Differential Equation, Applied Mathematics, Business Mathematics

This course introduces the basic concepts of Mathematics and its various branches. Since the course includes application based modules, it is perfect for students with professional career aspirations.


Ethics as a branch of Philosophy, Indian and Western Normative Ethics, Human Values, Value Crises of today, Value of Indian Constitution within the framework of Democracy , Secularism and Socialism, Indian and Western Philosophy, Education in Human Values

This course explains the basic concepts related to Indian and Western Philosophy. This paper aims to explain the ethics, value and culture of a society.

Political Science

Nationalism, Democracy, Marxism, Fascism, Local Self Government in India, Panchayat Raj Institutions in India, Election commission and electoral processes

Political Science deals with the forms of government and channels of power and the application of theory of Politics.


Hindi prose, Hindi Poetry, Idioms, Translation, Reading comprehension, Hindi grammar, Letter and essay writing etc.

This course focuses on Hindi language and literature and delves in the grammar as well as history of Hindi literature.


Physical Geography – Lithosphere, Atmosphere and Oceanography

This course aims at introducing the basic concepts of Physical Geography and to acquaint the student with the use and application of Physical Geography in different environments.


Nature and definition of psychology, Branches of Psychology, Consciousness, Human Abilities, Personality and Perception, Memory

This course introduces the basic concepts related to human psychology and helps a student relate fundamental concepts of psychology to everyday life.


Meaning of Education and Educational Processes, Relation of Education and Philosophy, Aims of Education, Individual and Social aims of Education, Sociology and Education, Pre-primary and Primary Education, Education and Mass Media, School as a Social Institution

This paper is about the basic concepts related to Education, its history and relation to the society. In this paper students learn about the theories of education and how to apply them in everyday life. This course is popular with students with teaching aspirations in life.

Home Science

Home Management, Resource Management, Money Management, Work Simplification, Elements of Design, Introduction to Family Dynamics

This course deals with the relationship between individual, family and society and introduces the basic concepts related to efficient management of home.


Indian Economy at the time of independence, National Income, Planning in India, Foreign Trade, Poverty and Unemployment, Rural Economy

This course introduces concepts of Indian Economy and teaches practical application of the theories of Economics. This course can come handy in jobs related to finance.

Social Work

Social Reform Movements in India – Social reform movements in India by various Social reform groups, Reform Movements by Mahatma Gandhi, Other Reform movements; Social Welfare and Social Services – Introduction, History of Social Services, Specific Social Services for Deprived and Weaker Sections, Post-independence reform movements for Social Justice

This course teaches the history, needs and steps taken for social welfare and social justice in India. This paper will help a student realize the necessity of social welfare and how to achieve it.


Grammar, Civilization, Communication, Comprehension, Translation, French Grammar

This paper is designed to teach the French language and enhance communication abilities in French.


Sanskrit Grammar, Sanskrit prose, Sanskrit verse, Reading comprehension, Translation

This paper focuses on the basics of Sanskrit grammar and its application in Sanskrit literature.


Grammar, Translation, Composition of letters, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension

This is another language paper. This paper is for students who wish to learn a foreign language. This course is designed to help a student learn all the basic aspects of the German language.

Bachelor of Arts (BA): Career Prospects

Candidates pursuing Bachelor of Arts course can further opt for higher studies or seek employment in any of public or private sector. For students who wish to pursue higher studies, after the completion of Bachelor of Arts, multiple options are available in India. They can opt for an MA course in any of the subjects they studied as a part of the BA degree. Students who wish to study a professional degree can get into an MBA program at any of the prestigious Management institutes in India.  There are still more options available for those vying for a professional degree like CA, CS or ICWA.

Since graduates with a Bachelor of Arts possess skills in a variety of subjects, career opportunities are available in multiple fields for them. A Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree holder can work in both public and private sector.

After completion of Bachelor of Arts, students can apply for various public sector jobs as well. Some of the public sector areas where a BA degree holder can work are:

  • Banks
  • Indian Administrative Services
  • Secretariat
  • Indian Postal Department
  • Indian Railways
  • Army and Navy

Since the skills associated with Bachelor Degree in Arts are vast, the salary trend too is varying. Below is a graph which shows the salary range for various job positions held by Bachelor of Arts graduates.

Salary Trend for Bachelor of Arts

Job Profile Description Average Salary (in INR)
Teacher Job responsibilities for teacher includes developing students’ writing and reading comprehension skills, administering tests and evaluating students’ progress throughout each term. 2.5 Lacs
HR Executive Job Responsibilities of HR Executive include to prepare and maintain employee records, hire eligible professionals, ensure the hire paper work is complete and processed. 2.1 Lacs
Sales Executive Sales Executive have a job to find and dicover new business opportunities by identifying prospects, reserach and analyze sales options. 3 Lacs
Content Writer Content Writers have the role to produce wide variety of content by curating the date from various sources. 5 Lacs
Feature Writer Feature writers have to find and generate future stories. They also have to read and research about various interest of public and form a readable piece of story on the same. 5 Lacs
Journalist Journalist have the job to report the latest news to mass audience. They have the responsibility to keep track of latest happeninigs around the world and cover the story. 3 Lacs
Proof Reader Proof Readers job is to check the already written article for further modifications, either gramatically or flow wise. They most often find jobs in a publication house. 2.9 Lacs